The spiritual, moral "ecosystem services" to humanity provided by protected areas have also changed as evolutionary dynamics included into our modern society, along with conversion of wildlife rules in terms of social psychological behavior patterns, attitudes, in a somewhat hidden manner, but clearly lived and manifested in our producing, consuming, thinking urban and industrial world. Likewise, ecosystems has their extentions in big, crowded cities. International organisations have still focused on in a very restricted, limited, narrow scope area of protected areas functions, and meanings in Europe, and all the world. Perception of their role in relevance to moral values developed by evolutionary, and religious social science related aspects have all been ignored. Protected areas still exist there, they are waiting for us to be understood by more in-depth meanings beyond merely conserving biodiversity, our genetic resources. Since Aldo Leopold, they are the sites of educated, civilised components of the collective unconsscioussness of totality of lives of each geography, culture. This phenomenon is somewhat different from what national nature history, and art museums, e.g. Smithsonian, France National Nature History Museum, MNHN, Louvre, British museum, contribute to our culture. Protected aread actually send their messages to crowded, traffic jam metropolitan areas full of financial centers, banks, industrial production factories irrespective of their biophysical distance to them. Our world has lived so many interesting new developments, changing and shaping the society compared to period when Aldo Leopold first defined, and established the beginning national park, the model for every nations, states, biogeography, biome, and ecoregion. As changes are uncountable, extremely varied in the contemporary society, our perception towards protected areas should also be improved to restore our culture mostly shaped in urban areas overpopulated since the time Aldo Leopold onset his giant conceptional and concrete project. The hidden spiritual, cultural, psychological connections starting from protected sites to the mind of urban dwellers should be studied extensively to clarify why the morality side of evolution pushes us to establish such relatively isolated, and symbolical sites to strengthen our moral values. I shall explore further dimensions and details of these phenomena step by step, then summarise them in a book revealing why a one-to-one match to such values, and wildlife needs of protected areas connection between Turkey's special environmental protection areas (SEPAs), UNESCO world heritage sites, Lake Tuz, and Kizilirmak Delta, and national parks connection to European protected areas, namely NATURA 2000 of European Union, and Emerald network of Council of Europe sooner. US is geographically located far from our national protected areas, so cannot be included to such a connection between Europe and Western Asia, but I shall be able to seek for psychological similarities, and conceptual connections between our protected areas, by looking more what Jim Barborak of Colorado State University, says on Colorado's protected areas in line with tourism, the Yellowstone, its uniquiness in the world as it says something not only to US nationals, but also all the people, from the core of our common world, a message sent by magma, and so forth. Perhaps, protected areas send some lively messages to teach us in order to point out unity of nature and humans both are brought up by certain steps of evolutionary pathways that our planet express itself to the extent that human morality received by evolution. We have no way from escaping this repetitively evolved, shaped morality in big crowded, industrialized urban lands. Protected areas perhaps, somehow present some beneficiary cognitive skills to us for understanding who we are, why evolution presents some meaningful presents, and pillars to be stayed in resilient in societies.
Published on 29 March 2018