The following response is a contribution from a student at Youth Initiative High School in Viroqua, Wisconsin.
Man is a living being and, as such, is part of Nature. The man is
a natural being, whose specific nature consists of rationality, possessing an
Intelligence and a free will. This human nature is universal and places it in
a privileged situation since, unlike the rest of the natural beings, its
behavior is not determined by natural instincts and needs, but,
thanks to his free will, he can even act in opposition to them. However, in man there is no opposition between nature and freedom, since freedom belongs to its nature.
From its origins, man has always tried to know Nature, because that depended
on his survival.
Thanks to his intelligence, man has been able to adapt reality to his own
needs, has been able to use nature and perfect it by adapting it to the
way of being and human needs. For example, man has not conformed
To collect the fruits that nature offers him, but he learned to sow and
Harvest: first manually, then aided by animals and finally creating
Machines for that purpose. Our reservoir and canalization systems allow us to have
running water in places where the rains are practically nonexistent.
Man "uses" nature to meet his needs, but it is also true that, unfortunately, often "abuses" of it and ends up destroying it: extinction of Animal and plant species, deforestation, water, and atmosphere...
That man is not a natural being anymore, does not mean that he is "owner of the
Nature "or may use it arbitrarily or deplete its resources
Indiscriminately: man does not have absolute rights over nature, but rather
must manage its natural resources within a framework of respect for the reality.
Natural in itself considered and toward future generations. Destroy nature,
not respecting their wealth, dynamism, and laws is equivalent to not respecting the man who has to live from it and in it. When we do not treat Nature properly and with benevolence,
we are not behaving ourselves in accordance with our
Human nature and dignity.